Today, software is all around us. In 2008, the number of personal computers in the world surpassed one billion; Today, there are 5.11 billion unique mobile users in the world. Each of these devices is organized by an operating system, a very complex piece of software with many interrelated functions. However, that only scratches the surface of what software does. Software is used by businesses and individuals to communicate worldwide. It regulates nuclear plants, electrical grids, transportation, and other utilities that provide the basics of life.
What is Software and what is a hardware
Software, in its most general sense, is a set of instructions or programs instructing a computer to do specific tasks. Software is a generic term used to describe computer programs.
The theory of software was first proposed by Alan Turing in 1935 in his essay "Computable numbers with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem." However, the word software was coined by mathematician and statistician John Tukey in the 1958 issue of American Mathematical Monthly, in which he discussed electronic calculators' programs.
Computer software, or simply software, is a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work. Without software, most computers would be useless. For example, without your Internet browser software, you could not surf the Internet and read this article. Without an operating system, the browser could not run on your computer.
This is in contrast to physical hardware, from which the system is built and actually performs the work.
Software is easier and cheaper to change than hardware. That's why a large part of the control logic for embedded systems is built-in software. When there's a need to improve the functionality, it's so much better to be able to reflash the firmware than to change the board.
In computer science and software engineering, computer software is all information processed by computer systems, programs, and data. Computer software includes computer programs, libraries, and related non-executable data, such as online documentation or digital media.
Computer hardware and software require each other, and neither can be realistically used on its own.
Software is often divided into three categories:
1. System software serves as a base for application software. It controls the basic (and invisible to the user) functions of a computer and comes usually preinstalled with the machine. System software includes device drivers, operating systems (OSs), compilers, disk formatters, text editors, and utilities helping the computer to operate more efficiently. It is also responsible for managing hardware components and providing basic non-task-specific functions.
2. Programming software is a set of tools to aid developers in writing programs. The various tools available are compilers, linkers, debuggers, interpreters, and text editors.
3. Application software is intended to perform certain tasks. It handles multitudes of common and specialized tasks a user wants to perform, such as accounting, communicating, data processing, word processing.
Examples of application software include office suites, gaming applications, database systems, and educational software. Application software can be a single program or a collection of small programs. This type of software is what consumers most typically think of as "software."
The software consists of carefully-organized instructions and code written by programmers in any of the various special computer languages. Today, practically anything built that uses electricity has software, either embedded in a gadget or installed like programs in mobile devices and computers.
Software in our daily life
Software helps make life convenient. For example, computer software has made it easier than ever to connect with friends all over the world using social networks and to find any information needed by browsing. As software becomes more integrated into electronics and appliances, it will continue to simplify life's challenges. As an example, everyone is familiar with how much easier it is to drive from one point to another with an on-board GPS software.
Digital alarm clocks, electronic parking meters, home security systems, traffic lights, fire alarms, printers, and many more are all examples of software in embedded systems we use nowadays. Lights around town and at your home can brighten when they detect you are walking in the dark; televisions can make suggestions and record favorite shows based on your preferences and that's all because of technology and software.
It's pretty easy to predict that software will remain a very important part of our life in the future. As computer software becomes more sophisticated, it will help people with more complex challenges.
Software for companies
We believe that every company in the market has a software. It may be basic as email, but, rest assured, when somebody is running a business in the 21st century, they need software.
The amount of software a company needs and the functions required differ from company to company. Some businesses need it for in-house use. Tools for project management, data analysis, or financial services or software for communication as chats, video calls, and conference platforms are needed. Other businesses need software to provide high-quality services to their clients. In most cases, it's custom made software. An example of such software is a calculation system for a manufacturer and supplier of professional mounting systems - Esdec. Read more about this case here. And plenty of companies need both.
From these examples, we can see that not only technology businesses depend on technical specialists. Both the public and private sectors benefit from the specialized support of software developers.
Business in today's world needs dedicated software for successful operation and growth. In a majority of businesses, efficiency and profitability go hand-in-hand. The quick and correct performance of tasks can make all the difference between breaking even and creating a profit.
The business growth comes together with a rise in the amount of data that should be administered, which results in the need to successfully manage all that information that is continuously growing.
In order to join this changing and globalized context, many companies should be aware of the importance of involving technology within their own processes to ensure better management.
Software became an integral part of our nowadays private and business life. Day-by-day technology penetrating new areas and reaching a higher scope. In the business field, the software gives opportunities for improving current processes, creating new services, and gives a chance for faster growth.
Come in contact with Amsterdam Standard to create custom software for your business.