Today, software is all around us. In 2008, the number of personal computers in the world surpassed one billion; Today, there are 5.11 billion unique mobile users in the world. Each of these devices is formed by an operating system, a complex piece of software with many interrelated functions. However, that only touches on what software does. Businesses and individuals worldwide use software for multiple purposes. It regulates nuclear plants, electrical grids, transportation, and other utilities that provide the basics of life.
What is software and hardware
Software, in its most general sense, is a set of instructions or programs instructing a computer to do specific tasks. Software is a generic term used to describe computer programs.
Alan Turing first proposed the theory of software in 1935 in his essay "Computable numbers with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem." However, the word software was invented by mathematician and statistician John Tukey in the 1958 issue of "American Mathematical Monthly" in which he discussed electronic calculators' programs.
Computer software, or simply software, is a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work. Without software, most computers would be useless. For example, without your Internet browser software, you could not surf the Internet and read this article. Without an operating system, the browser could not run on your computer.
It is in contrast to physical hardware, from which the system is built and performs the work.
It is easier and cheaper to make changes on software than on hardware. That’s why a large part of the control logic for embedded systems is built-in software. When there’s a need to change the functionality, it’s so much better to be able to reflash the firmware than to change the board.
In computer science and software engineering, computer software is all information processed by computer systems, programs, and data. Computer software includes programs, libraries, and related non-executable data, such as online documentation or digital media.
Computer hardware and software require each other, and neither can be realistically used on its own.
Software is often divided into three categories:
1. System software serves as a base for application software. It controls the basic (and invisible to the user) functions of a computer and comes usually preinstalled with the machine. System software includes device drivers, operating systems (OSs), compilers, text editors, and utilities helping the computer to operate more efficiently. It is also responsible for managing hardware components and providing basic non-task-specific functions.
2. Programming software is a set of tools to aid developers in writing programs. The various tools available are compilers, linkers, debuggers, interpreters, and text editors.
3. Application software is intended to perform specific tasks. It handles multitudes of standard and specialized tasks a user wants to achieve, such as accounting, communicating, data processing, word processing.
Examples of application software include office suites, gaming applications, database systems, and educational software. Application software can be a single program or a collection of small programs. This type of software is what consumers most typically think of as "software."
The software consists of carefully-organized instructions and code written by programmers in any of the various particular computer languages. Nowadays, almost anything built that uses electricity has software. It can be either embedded in a gadget or installed in mobile devices and computers as programs.
The software in our daily life
The software helps make life more comfortable. For example, computer software has made it easier than ever before to find any information or products needed by browsing and communicate with people all over the world. As software continues integrating into devices and tools, it remains to help us solve different life challenges. One example is how getting from one place to another by walk or any transport became much more comfortable with GPS software. Another one is chatting with your family and friends from almost every place in the world by Skype or Whatsapp. Also sharing photos in the Instagram app.
Digital alarm clocks, electronic parking meters, home security systems, traffic lights, fire alarms, printers, and many more are all examples of software in embedded systems we use nowadays. Lights around town and at your home can brighten when they detect you are walking in the darkness; televisions can make suggestions and record favorite shows based on your preferences, and that’s all because of technology and software.
It’s pretty easy to predict that software will remain a crucial part of our life in the future. As computer software becomes more mature, it will help people with more complex challenges.
Software for companies
We assume that every company in the market has software. It can be as simple as email. Running a business in the 21st century, and doing it effectively, most likely requires software.
The amount of software a company needs and the functions required differ from company to company. Some businesses need it for in-house use. Tools for project management, data analysis or financial services, or software for communication as chats, video calls, and conference platforms are needed. Other businesses need software to provide high-quality services to their clients. In most cases, companies need custom-made software. An example of such software is a calculation system for a manufacturer and supplier of professional mounting systems - Esdec, developed by Amsterdam Standard. Read more about the company and the created software here.
We want to note that not only technology businesses depend on technical specialists. Businesses and companies in any branch, including non-profit and social services, can benefit from the support of software developers or custom-made software.
Business in today’s world needs dedicated software for successful operation and growth. In a majority of companies, efficiency and profitability go hand-in-hand. The quick and correct performance of tasks can make all the difference between breaking even and creating a profit.
The business growth comes together with a rise in the amount of data that should be administered, which results in the need to manage all that information that is continuously growing successfully.
In this globalized context, companies should be aware of the importance of involving technology within their processes to ensure better supervision.
Software became an integral part of our nowadays private and business life. Day-by-day technology penetrating new areas and reaching a higher scope. In the business field, the software gives opportunities for improving current processes, creating new services, and offers a chance for faster growth.
Come in contact with Amsterdam Standard to create custom software for your business.